Gioachino Antonio Rossini - Short Biography

Gioachino Antonio Rossini (February 29, 1792 - November 13, 1868), Italian operatic composer, one of the great masters of the Italian opera buffa was born in Pesaro, Italy.

Both his parents were musicians, his father a horn player, his mother a singer; he learnt the horn and singing and as a boy sang in at least one opera in Bologna, where the family lived. Rossini wrote his first opera when he was 18 years old.
Early photograph of Gioachino Rossini
Rossini's first comic opera, La Cambiale de Matrimonio, was produced in Venice in 1810, and it was followed by a series of lively works, culminating in his masterpiece, Il Barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville, 1816). Based on the comedy by Beaumarchais, the opera resounds with Rossini's brilliant arias, ensemble numbers, and his famous crescendos. Among his many other operas are L'italiana in Algeri (1813), La Cenerentola (1817), and Semiramide (1823). In 1824, Rossini became the director of the Théâtre-Italien in Paris. After the production of his William Tell at the Paris Opéra in 1829, he stopped composing operas, and during the remaining 39 years of his life he wrote only songs, piano pieces, and a setting of the Stabat Mater (1842), in which his operatic style is still evident.

At 37, he retired from opera composition. He left Paris in 1837 to live in Italy, but suffered prolonged and painful illness there (mainly in Bologna, where he advised at the Liceo Musicale, and in Florence). Isabella died in 1845 and the next year he married Olympe Pélissier, with whom he had lived for 15 years and who tended him through his ill-health.

He composed hardly at all during this period (the "Stabat mater" belongs to his Paris years); but he went back to Paris in 1855, and his health and humour returned, with his urge to compose, and he wrote a quantity of pieces for piano and voices, with wit and refinement, that he called "Péchés de vieillesse" ("Sins of Old Age"), including the graceful and economical "Petite messe solennelle" (1863). He died, universally honoured, in 1868.

Selected Works of Rossini, Gioacchino Antonio Include:
* L'nganno felice (1812)
* La scale di seta (1812)
* La pietra del paragone (1812)
* Tancredi (1813)
* L'italiana in Algeri (1813)
* Il turco in Italia (1814)
* Elisabetta, regina d'Inghilterra (1815)
* Il barbiere di Siviglia (1816)
* Otello (1816)
* La Cenerentola (1817)
* La gazza ladra (1817)
* Armida (1817)
* Mosè in Egitto (1818)
* Ermione (1819)
* La donna del lago (1819)
* Maometto II (1820)
* Zelmira (1822)
* Semiramide (1823)
* Il viaggio a Reims (1825)
* Le siège de Corinthe (1826)
* Moïse et Pharaon (1827)
* Le comte Ory (1828)
* Guillaume Tell (1829)
* 16 others

Instrumental music

* 6 sonatas, strs (circa 1804)
* 3 sinfonias
* other orch pieces
* chamber works
* pieces for military band
* over 60 pf pieces

Vocal music

* Stabat mater (1841)
* Petite messe solennelle (1863)
* over 20 other sacred works
* circa 16 cantatas
* hymns, choruses
* songs, arias, duets, trios
* studies, exercises, cadenzas

Gioachino Antonio Rossini - Der Barbier von Sevilla (overture)

Overture to the opera "The Barber of Seville" by Rossini.
Joseph Keilberth leads the orchestra of the Bavarian State Opera (Munich, December 25. 1959).

Giachino Rossini - Il barbiere di Siviglia (Overture)


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